Map of Makkah’s Northern Trade Routes

Map of Makkah’s Northern Trade Routes


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A map of Makkah’s northern trade routes showing the two main routes used by merchants as they traveled between Makkah and al-Shām (the Levant), usually during the summer season. The map also displays the main towns along the routes. Some towns on the coast, such as Yanbuʿ, also served as sea ports.

Labels on this map include Makkah, Madīnah (Yathrib), Yanbuʿ, al-ʿUlā, al-Wajh, Tabūk, Ḍubāʾ, Āylah, Maʿān, Buṣrá, Ghazzah (Gaza), Damascus, ʿAmmān, Egypt, Sinai, and the Red Sea.

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For commercial (for-profit) use of any maps or products on this site, including any copyrighted findings present on the maps and other images, please contact the author with details of the intended use.

Copyrights: For both commercial and non-commercial use, proper scholarly standards must be adhered to, and citations must be used with a reference made to “Binimad Al-Ateeqi (”


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